Periodontal Conditions

The most common periodontal conditions are gingivitis and periodontitis, both of which are caused by dental plaque. Plaque consists almost entirely of bacteria which normally inhabit the mouth. Gingivitis is inflammation of the gum and is common but readily reversible with good oral hygiene. Periodontitis affects approximately 10-15% of the population and is inflammation which extends to destroy the deeper supporting tissues of the tooth eventually leading to tooth loss. The signs and symptoms of both conditions vary but include bleeding gums, mobility and drifting of the teeth – it is however possible to be suffering from gum disease without exhibiting these signs.

Susceptibility to destructive periodontal disease is not fully understood but four major factors are known to contribute to these conditions. These are family history, certain types of bacteria in plaque, stress and smoking. Stopping smoking is an important component in reducing the risk of developing periodontal disease and improving an individual's response to treatment.

This website was last updated Monday, 25th January 2021